JULIÁN  BAUTISTA    
      Music composer, born in Madrid, Spain, in 1901 
      and deceased in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in 1961.
    
centenario@julianbautista.com.ar    
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He was born in Madrid, Spain, April 21 1901.   

His first home was the department of the windows with white curtains in the first floor.

Their father was Julián Bautista Swartz and his mother Ventura Cachaza Vázquez. 

To the 7 years he began to study solfeo and to the 11 years it began their piano studies, under the conduction of Mrs. Pilar Fernández de la Mora.  

Bautista, when child, in an classic photografy in Madrid at this years.

To the 14 years the study of Composition continued (Harmony, Counterpoint and Fuga) in the National Conservatory of Music, of Madrid, with the professor Don Conrado del Campo.    

In 1916 when he studied musical composition.

To the 19 years he composed his first work of importance: the drama lyrical " Interior ", from the book of Maurice Maeterlinck. 

In 1922, just by 21 years, he obtained the National Award of Spain with his “Cuarteto de Cuerdas” Nº 1", Op. 6. 

In 1926 he obtained the National Award of Spain with his “Cuarteto de Cuerdas Nº 2” Op. 8. 

He conducted the National Orchestra from Spain, the Philharmonic one and the Symphonic Orchestra from Madrid.

He was one of the members of the “Group of the Eight", and of the “Group of Madrid” integrated, also, with Salvador Bacarisse (born in 1898), Fernando Remacha (1898), Juan José Mantecón (1896), Gustavo Durán (1906) all them pupils of Conrado del Campo. They also integrated it Rosita García Ascot (1906) and Rodolfo Halffter (1900) that studied with Manuel de Falla and Gustavo Pittaluga (1906) that studied with Esplá, that was constituted to likeness of the famous French group “of the six", like a renovating statement in the face of the closeness, furiously conservative and limited of the Hispanic musical atmosphere.    

In the spring 1930, the "Group of Madrid" was constituted. 
From left to right: 
Julián Bautista, Rodolfo Halffter, Gustavo Pittaluga, Fernando Rivet and Salvador Bacarisse. 

In 1932, Bautista achieved the First Prize in Unión Radio's International Competition (Madrid) with her “Obertura para una opera grotesca”, Op. 12.   

In 1933, the Symphonic Orchestra from Madrid, under the conduction of Enrique Fernández Arbós, and organized by Unión Radio, it executed the work “Obertura para una opera grotesca”, First Prize of the Competition Unión Radio. 

In 1935 he finished writing the book “Study compared critic of the treaties of harmony, from Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683-1764) until our days." 

The 8 of Julio 1936 “for ministerial order (Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts of Spain) of this date it has been named Don Julián Bautista y Cachaza, by virtue of opposition, Professor of HARMONY, of the National Conservatory of Music and Declamation of Madrid." 

In November 7 1936 began to fall on Madrid the first bombs of the nationalists. 

In June 24 1937 the Ministry of Public Instruction and Sanity prepared the creation of the Central Council of the Music, clerk of the General Conduction of Fine Arts, and Julián Bautista's appointment like vowel of this Council. 

In Julio 1937 he moved to Valencia to be part of the recently created Central Council of the Music. It has been one of the most fervent and self-denying collaborators in the work undertaken by the Government of the Republic in the field of the musical activities, through their organism to the one that the National Orchestra's of Concerts creation, the publication of the magazine " Música " and the musical editions of the General Conduction of Fine Arts are owed. 

In May 14 1938, in Barcelona, the National Orchestra of Concerts under the conduction of Lamote de Grignon and Mercedes Plantada's voice, interpreted “Tres Ciudades”, Op. 14, in 1ª audition. 

In 1938 their work “Tres Ciudades”, Op. 14, it participated of the Festival of Music of London, organized by the S.I.M.C. (International Society of Contemporary Music). 

In December 23 1938 Joseph Wetzels , integral of the Quatour Belge à Clavier, communicated to Bautista that has obtained the First Award in “Concurs International de Composition Musicale”, among 121 participants. 

In December 30 1938 the National Orchestra of Concerts, under the conduction of the author, interpreted the “Suite all'antica". To the violin: L. Antón and F. Cruz;  viola: F. M. Iglesias and violoncello: L. Puga.  

In February 8 1939 opened in the Palace of Fine Arts of Brussels the “Seconda Sonata Concertata a Quattro", Op. 15, interpreted by the Quatour Belge à Clavier integrated by Guillaume Mombaerts, Edmond Harvant, Charles Foidart and Joseph Wetzels. 

In 1940 he arrived in Buenos Aires, and he integrated the group of 1.274.719 Spanish immigrants that they were resided in Argentina between 1857 and 1950. 

In August 26 1940, in the “Teatro del Pueblo” of Buenos Aires, the “Sonatina-Trío”, for violin, viola and violoncello, was executed with Ljerko Spiller's interpretation, Jacobo Tuffman and Federico López Ruf. 

In May 5 1943,  in the Teatro Colón of Buenos Aires, their work “Suite de Danzas del Ballet Juerga” was executed (in first audition), under the conduction of Maestro Juan José Castro.  

In 1943 he received the Award to the Best Score of original Music, granted by the Academy of Arts and Film Sciences of the Argentina, with the movie “Cuando florezca el naranjo". 

In 1944 he received the Award to the Best Score of original Music, granted by the Academy of Arts and Film Sciences of the Argentina, with the movie “Cuando la primavera se equivoca." 

In October 22 1944 are interviewed by Radio “La voz del aire” of Buenos Aires, with reason of the Day of the Music.   

In 1944 he was named academic of number of the Academy of Arts and Film Sciences of the Argentina. 

In 1945 he received the Award to the Best Music of Fund of Movie, granted by the Association of Columnists from the Argentina, with the movie “La dama duende”. 

In 1947 he received the Award to the Best Score of original Music, granted by the Academy of Arts and Film Sciences of the Argentina, with the movie “Mirad los lirios del campo." 

In April 25 1951 the Academy of Arts and Film Sciences of the Argentina grant the award to the best score in original music of the year 1950 for the movie “La barca sin pescador." 

In September 4 1951, Julián Bautista was presented as lecturer and author in “The fifth session dedicated to the vocal music of camera", in the Musical Library Verdi, La Plata, Argentina. In that occasion singer Myrtha Garbarini and to the piano Elvia Ochoa, they executed “Barrio de Córdoba” and “Baile”, of the work “Tres ciudades”. 

In June 17 1952 was executed in 1ª audition in the Argentina, the “Obertura para una opera grotesca”, for the Symphonic Orchestra of the City of Buenos Aires, under the conduction of Manuel Rosenthal. 

In October 21 1953 was interviewed by Chas de Cruz, for Radio Belgrano of Buenos Aires, with reason of the Day of the Music. 

In 1954 he received the Award to the Best Score of original Music, granted by the Academy of Arts and Film Sciences of the Argentina, with the movie “El Cura Lorenzo”. 

In September 20 1955 were executed the “Suite all'Antica", in the Teatro Ópera of Buenos Aires, organized by the Asociación Amigos de la Música. The conduction was of Fritz Lehmann. They stood out in concertino: Ljerko Spiller; violin: Jorge Urbansky; it viola: Hilde Heinitz and violoncello: Germán Weil. 

In March 28 1956 the “Universidad Nacional de Cuyo” it designated him to integrate the “Comisiones Asesoras” that intervened in the resolution of the Competitions of Classes in the Superior School of Music of that University of Argentina. 

In 1957 it integrated the Argentinean delegation, next to Juan José Castro and Roberto García Morillo, for the Second Festival of Latin American Music of Caracas, organized by the Institución José Ángel Lamas. The inaugural concert was carried out March 19.    

This photo was taken in 
Caracs, Venezuela, in 1957, 
where it attended specially 
invited to the 
Festivals Of Latin American Music.

In March 23 1957 were executed the “Sinfonía Breve”, at times of the “Second Festival of Latin American Music of Caracas", organized by the Institución José Ángel Lamas. The Symphonic Orchestra from Venezuela was conducted by Hascha Horenstein.  

In June 2 1958 was carried out an act in honor to Julián Bautista, with reason that he obtains the Prize American Ricordi of the Competition Latin American of Composition, organized to celebrate the 150º anniversary of G. Ricordi's Foundation & C. of Milán.  The work winning “Segunda Sinfonía Ricordiana", Op. 21, it was presented under the alias "Tritono". The General Director of Ricordi, José Giacompol, opened the act with words related to the event and the composer and critical musical Roberto García Morillo lectured on the life and work of Bautista. The act was completed with the interpretation from the “Seconda Sonata Concertata a Quattro", Op. 15, of Bautista, on the part of the group integrated by Orestes Castronuovo in piano, Eduardo Sours in violin, André Vancoillie in viola and Alberto Casuscelli in violoncello. 

In September 22 1958 opened in the Teatro Colón of Buenos Aires, the “Segunda Sinfonía Ricordiana", Op. 21. The National Symphonic Orchestra interpreted it, under Maestro Juan José Castro’s baton.  

In October 3 1958 during the course of the Festival of American Contemporary Music, organized by the Association of Concert of Camera of Argentina, the “Conjunto Madrigalista” of this Association, under the conduction of Virtú Maragno, interpreted “Romance del Rey Rodrigo”, Op. 20.  

In October 17 1958 at times of the Festival of American Contemporary Music, organized by the Association of Concert of Camera of Argentina, he opened the “Cuarteto de cuerdas” Nº 3, Op. 22, having obtained the First Award of the organized Competition with reason of the Festival. He had the participation of the Cuarteto Acedo, integrated by Eduardo Acedo and Rino Brunello in violins, Andre Vancoillie in viola and Alberto Casuscelli in violoncello.    

In the treat of reason of the award obtained in the Festival of American Contemporary Music. From left to right: Camargo Guarnieri, Roberto García Morillo, Mrs. Aberastury, 
Alberto Ginastera, 
Julián Bautista, Mrs. Clara Goreloff and Juan Orrego Salas.

In November 26 1958 were interviewed by Ricardo Yrurtia in the program “Reencuentro con el arte” of LR1 Radio El Mundo of Buenos Aires. 

In 1959 it integrated the Jury of the Competition of Compositions for Orchestra of Camera, instituted by the Asociación Amigos de la Música. The other members of the jury were: Juan José Castro, Roberto García Morillo, Roberto Kinsky and Erwin Leuchter. 

In January 8 1959 were invited to integrate the Commission it Advises of the National Fund of the Arts of the Argentina, for the grant of scholarships for the specialty of Music for Composition. 

 In January 21 1959 were invited to integrate the Commission it Advises of the National Fund of the Arts of the Argentina, for the grant of scholarships for the specialty of Conduction of Orchestra. 

In March 5 1959 were invited to integrate the Jury to provide from regular professor to the class Morphology and Musical Analysis of the Superior School of fine arts of the City of La Platar, County of Buenos Aires. 

In April of 1959 it integrated the jury for the grant of the Award Carlos López Buchardo", corresponding to the year 1958, organized by the Asociación Wagneriana of Buenos Aires. 

The 13 of Julio 1959 were interpreted the Quartet of Sensible Nº 3, Op. 22, in the Institute of Musical Extension of the University of Chile, with the participation of the Cuarteto Chile, integrated by Enrique Iniesta, Ernesto Ledermann, Zoltan Fischer and Ángel Ceruti. 

The 31 of Julio 1959 the Secretary of Culture and Social Action of the Municipality of the City of Buenos Aires designated him integral of the jury in the competitions instituted on musical production and interpreters. 

In August of 1959 the Circle of Critical Musical of Buenos Aires it granted a " Mention " to the best work of foreign author's camera used for the first time in Buenos Aires in 1958, for their “Cuarteto de Cuerdas” Nº 3 for strings. 

In September 17 1959 were interpreted the “Cuarteto de Cuerdas Nº 3",  Reward 1958 of the Association of Concerts of Camera. It was interpreted by the Cuarteto Paganini integrated by Henri Tomianka and Charles Libove in violins, David Schwartz in viola and Lucien Laporte in violoncello. The concert was organized by the Argentinean Mozarteum. 

In December 5 1959 were designated Chief of the Department of Theory and Composition of the next one to be inaugurated Conservatory of Music of Puerto Rico. 

In January 18 1960 were inaugurated the Conservatory of Music of Puerto Rico, under “Festival Casals, Inc.”'s patronage. The Musical Director was Maestro Pablo Casals and the Director of Studies Maestro Juan José Castro.   

In San Juan, Puerto Rico, Julián Bautista and Pablo Casals, and an important exchange of ideas.

In March 10 1960 were designated Interim Director of Studies of the Conservatory of Music of Puerto Rico, for the period of absence of the Director of Studies, Maestro Juan José Castro. 

In September 21 1960 the Argentinean composer Horacio López de la Rosa finished composing his “Hymn of Saint John Bautista" (1. Invocation 2. Hallelujah) for cuarteto de cuerdas Op. 11. The 8 of Julio 1961 were dedicated to Maestro Julián Bautista's memory. 

Julián Bautista died in Buenos Aires July 8th 1961, leaving an immortal memory among those who were his students, colleagues, critical musical, mecenas, friends and all those that, for different reasons, had the happiness of treating him. 

 

Concerts and homages  
"post mortem."

    The 28 of Julio 1962 were carried out an act in homage of Bautista, organized by their pupils, in the Ability of Architecture and Urbanismo, of the University of Buenos Aires. In that opportunity, singer Marta Benegas and pianist Valdo Sciammarella they interpreted”Tres Ciudades."  

In August 15 1962 opened in Buenos Aires the work of Maestro Juan José Castro “Epitafio in rhythms and sounds” composed in memoriam Julián Bautista. 

In September of 1962, 10 in the Teatro Colón of Buenos Aires, the National Symphonic Orchestra, under the conduction of Jonathan Sternberg, interpreted “Sinfonía Breve", Nº 1, Op. 19.  

In November 23 1963 were inaugurated in San Martin's town , County of Buenos Aires, Argentina, the first Musical Library that took the Spanish composer's name, specialized in Didactics in the primary and secondary cycles. Godfathers of the inauguration were Maestros Ferruccio Calussio and Alberto Ginastera, and godmothers Bautista's ladies and of Seoane (represented in their absence by the Located inspectora Murano). The headquarters of the “Musical Library Julián Bautista", it was the School Nº 29, of this town and the contribution was of the National Fund of the Arts from Argentina. The Nieves Martin's young lady Love, Maestro's Bautista student, was the soul mater of this event.  

In August 7 1971 were carried out in the “Musical Library Julián Bautista", a homage in their memory. It lectured the musical critic Ricardo Turró, singer Marta Benegas and pianist Valdo Sciammarella they interpreted “Tres Ciudades” and pianist Olga Kaplan and the General Motors Choir conducted by José Antonio Gallo they executed " Colores ". 

In September 3 1971 were carried out in the “Conservatory Juan José Castro", in The Lucila, County of Buenos Aires, a concert in homage to both composers. Castro and Bautista worked together permanently for the music and they cultivated a beloved friendship.  Marta Benegas and Valdo Sciammarella interpreted " Colores " and “Tres Ciudades”. 

In October 31 1975 the “Musical Youths of Mendoza", Argentina, they organized a piano recital in which Olga Kaplan interpreted the work " Colores ". 

In October 16 1976 Olga Kaplan offered a piano recital in the School of Graduated in Economic Sciences, interpreting, among other works, “Colores” of Julián Bautista. 

In 1991 the family donated Julián Bautista's scores hand written originals, as well as letters and the composer's files, original and unpublished, to the Center of the Bibliographical Patrimony, of the National Library, of the Ministry of Culture of Spain. The importance of this event resides in that the dispersion of this documental bottom was avoided, and it was to receipt in an appropriate center, within reach of the interested ones in its study and interpretation. 

In September of 1992, 12 in a concert organized by the Center of Music of Cámara Camerata Bariloche in the Teatro Colón of Buenos Aires, the members of the Camerata Bariloche executed the Adage from the “Sonate a Quatre d'après Giovanni Battista Pergolese", Op. 16, and with Ana M. Osorio voice and Viviana Lazzarin to the piano, “La flute de Jade", Op. 2. the comments were in charge of the musical critic Napoleón Cabrera. 

In August 8 1993 were carried out in Buenos Aires, in the headquarters of the Institute of Ibero-American Cooperation, a conference in charge of Jorge de Persia that, under the title of “Exile and emigration: the Spanish musicians in Argentina in lathe of the years of the civil war", it was mentioned to composer Julián Bautista like a clear exponent of the treated topic.   

Among Julián Bautista's students they stood out (in alphabetical order): 

Abolsky  Constante
Alchurrón
Rodolfo 
Lanza
Alcides
López de la Rosa
Horacio 
Martín
Amor de las Nieves 
Pemberton
Carlos 
Pugliese
Osvaldo 
Sciammarella
Valdo 
Stamponi
Héctor

 

 

 

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